Lets Talk About Testicular Cancer

Let’s Talk About Testicular Cancer

Testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer for men ages 15 to 35, but it can occur at any age. It’s also one of the most treatable cancers, even if it’s spread to other areas.

According to the American Cancer Society, for those with testicular cancer in early stages, the five-year survival rate is greater than 95 percent.

Different kinds of testicular cancer

In general, there are two types of testicular cancer:

  • Seminoma: Seminoma tumors occur in all age groups, but show up more often in older men. Seminomas, in general, aren’t as aggressive as nonseminomas, especially if it’s detected early
  • Nonseminoma: Nonseminoma tumors tend to develop earlier in life but grow and spread rapidly. 


The tests your doctor may use to diagnose testicular cancer may include:

  • Physical exam, which can reveal any testicular abnormalities, such as lumps or swelling
  • Ultrasound to examine the internal structure of the testicles
  • blood tests called tumor marker tests, which may show elevated levels of substances related to testicular cancer

Staging the cancer

Once your doctor confirms your diagnosis, the next step is to determine the extent (stage) of cancer. To determine whether cancer has spread outside of your testicle, you may undergo:

  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan. CT scans take a series of X-ray images of your abdomen, chest, and pelvis. Your doctor uses CT scans to look for signs that cancer has spread.
  • Blood tests. Blood tests to look for elevated tumor markers can help your doctor understand whether cancer likely remains in your body after your testicle is removed.


Some men show no symptoms when diagnosed with testicular cancer. When symptoms do appear, they can include:

  • testicular pain or discomfort
  • testicular swelling
  • lower abdominal or back pain
  • enlargement of breast tissue

Talk with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.


The options for treating your testicular cancer depend on several factors, including the type and stage of cancer, your overall health, and your own preferences.

Surgery is used to remove one or both of your testicles and some surrounding lymph nodes to both stages and treat cancer.

Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It may be administered externally or internally.

External radiation uses a machine that aims the radiation at the cancerous area. Internal radiation involves the use of radioactive seeds or wires placed into the affected area. This form is often successful in treating seminomas.

Chemotherapy uses medication to kill cancer cells. It’s a systemic treatment, which means it can kill cancer cells that have traveled to other parts of your body. When it’s taken orally or through the veins, it can travel through your bloodstream to kill cancer cells.

In very advanced cases of testicular cancer, high-dose chemotherapy may be followed by a stem cell transplant. Once the chemotherapy has destroyed the cancer cells, the stem cells are administered and develop into healthy blood cells.

To learn more about testicular cancer, please contact your primary care provider

To book a scan, visit us at Medmo.com. Medmo helps people schedule radiology imaging tests – such as MRI, CT scans, PET, and more – at nearby accredited centers and identify the payment solution that works best for them.


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