What You Need to Know About the COVID 19 Vaccines 1

What You Need to Know About the Covid-19 Vaccines

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) authorized Pfizer’s and Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccines in December and many people have questions about the vaccines and their impact on the lives of everyone affected by COVID-19. Here are some answers we found to the most commonly asked questions about the COVID-19 vaccines. Please consult your primary care physicians regarding questions about your personal health or any COVID-19 related symptoms you may be experiencing. 

How do the vaccines work?

The Pfizer vaccine was the first approved by the FDA and is administered in 2 shots 21 days apart with each dose containing 30 micrograms of the vaccine. The Moderna vaccine contains 100 micrograms and is also administered in two shots but 28 days apart. The injection site for both vaccines is in the upper arm muscle and once inoculation is complete, they employ an information-coding molecule called RNA to initiate the immune response needed to protect individuals from the coronavirus that causes COVID-19. Both vaccines have about a 95% success rate.

How many doses are available?

Currently, there are not enough doses to meet demand. The only two companies that are authorized to provide the vaccine in the US are Moderna and Pfizer and each has promised to provide the US with 100 million vaccine doses by the end of March 2021, or enough for 100 million people to get the necessary two shots. Both companies are manufacturing doses at full capacity, and are collectively releasing between 12 million and 18 million doses each week.

Who will get the vaccine first?

The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines have both been issued an emergency use authorization (EUA) from the FDA. Through a distribution plan developed by the CDC, vaccines are being allocated to high-priority groups including healthcare workers, people at very high risk of severe complications or death from COVID-19, people over the age of 65 who live in congregate settings, and essential workers. It will likely take several months to vaccinate these high-priority groups and increase vaccine supply for mass distribution. Kids under the age of 16 were not included in the vaccine’s sample studies, therefore more safety data is needed before they will be included. Pregnant or lactating women and people who are immunocompromised can get the vaccine. Those with questions on their eligibility should discuss with their primary care provider before receiving it.

How long does protection last?

Since the vaccines and virus are both novel, this is not yet known for sure. Based on other viruses that are similar to the coronavirus that causes COVID-19, the COVID-19 vaccines that are shown to be highly effective might protect people for a few years, says Paul Offit, MD, Director of the Vaccine Education Center and a professor of pediatrics at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. This is a hypothesis based on his expertise and known facts about the virus that causes COVID-19.

Can I get the vaccine if I’m pregnant, breastfeeding, or immunocompromised? 

Pregnant or lactating women, and people who are immunocompromised can get the vaccine. If you have questions, please speak to your provider to make an informed decision for your unique situation.

Can children get the vaccine?

The Pfizer vaccine is currently only approved for those 16 and older while the Moderna vaccine requires recipients to be at least 18. More information is needed before younger children are able to receive the vaccine. It is best to consult your doctor before making any decisions regarding your child any COVID-19 treatments.

What are the common side effects?

People should expect to have some side effects, similar to what some people report after getting a flu vaccine, according to experts meeting recently with the CDC. These experts said to expect temporary side effects such as soreness in your arm where you got the shot, fatigue, body aches, and perhaps a fever. To book an imaging scan, visit us at Medmo.com. Medmo helps people schedule radiology imaging tests – such as MRI, CT scans, PET, and more – at nearby accredited centers and identify the payment solution that works best for them.


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